What is the 'core'?

What is the ‘CORE’?


Your 'core' is like a cylindrical vessel or canister that is fundamental to almost every element of your physical life.

There are four main components to the core canister:
  • On the top: The diaphragm - a large dome shaped muscle that separates your thorax (chest) cavity from your abdomen. The diaphragm is the most important muscle in respiration or breathing and it also plays a role in determining pressures in the thorax and abdomen.
  • On the bottom: The pelvic floor - The pelvic floor muscles and fascia have the main role of supporting the abdominal and pelvic organs from below.  Beyond support, the pelvic floor helps maintain bladder and bowel continence, and it plays a role in sexual function too.
  • For the front and sides: the deep abdominal muscles and fascia, including the transversus abdominus, support and contain the abdominal organs as well as stabilize the low back.
  • For the back: the deep spinal stabilizing muscles (multifidus), the bony spinal column and the bones of the pelvis. These structures protect the spinal cord and internal organs, support the structure of the body, and allow for mobility and movement. 

Your core is vital for so many important functions: breathing; support and protection of your internal organs and spinal cord; continence and sexual function; and it’s even incorporated in almost every movement of the human body.

A strong core foundation is essential for optimal physical function and necessary for life.